Brake Pad Thickness Chart

How to check brake shoes thickness status Toyota Camry. So in 71 K, I have only used half of the pads? The rotor is smooth/flat with a couple thousandths of an OD lip. • Some electronic brake distribution may have faster than normal rear brake pad wear rates. Andrew Markel visits minimum wear specification on brake rotors and how the specification is related to brake pad wear and how far the caliper has to push the pads. We also have a complete rebuild kit. Was just reading up and noticed the front pad thickness specs on as Gen 4 FRONT BRAKE PADS Standard thickness: 5S–FE (4 cyl. Disc Brake Rotor Minimum Thickness (also known as Scrap Thickness) is the minimum safe working thickness of a rotor at which it must be replaced. 39 in} Disc Pad Thickness Inspection. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 12 of 12 Posts. The reason for this wear is because the rear brakes are used to control nose dive. Brake Pad Thickness Chart Regardless of if you buy a whole new car, a pre-owned auto, or lease a car, upkeep is unavoidable. Normally caused by a build-up of brake dust but not as common as it used to be, thanks to improved design. How thin can rotor drums be safely turned. Brand new Genuine Honda Civic Brake pads are 11mm thick. On the invoice, it lists the thickness in mm's of the brake pads. Also pad material for cast brakes is a lot different to stainless. The MoT tester does do a visual check on the overall condition though. Check pad lining thickness. it has reach to 3. With other models the brake calipers will have brake pad inspection holes. Pelican Parts Forums Minimum Brake Rotor Thickness for CTT - Pelican Parts Forums. I will pull the wheels and rotors next month and give them a good look. They are found on many entry-level or older MTBs as well as lots of city or hybrid bikes and consist of individual brake arms mounted via two brake bosses, with each arm of the brake attached to a boss on each seatstay or fork leg. Jack up the front of the vehicle and support it with safety stands. If you notice symptoms of worn brake pads, you can do a rough estimate with a straw, or you can do a more precise measurement by taking off the wheel. All new brake discs are 45 mm thick. Worn brake pads are unsafe and prevent your car from coming to a quick halt. )engine: 11. Check surface of disc brake rotor for uneven wear, cracks or damage. 35 in} Minimum rear disc plate thickness after machining using a brake lathe on-vehicle. At 3 millimeters, the sensors get exposed and make contact with the disc or rotor, creating a squealing sound. How thin can rotor drums be safely turned. If one brake pad needs replacing you will need to replace the whole set. 001 inches reduces Pulsation and Vibration. New Brake Pad Thickness. Rotor thickness is also very important when looking at the brake system. What is the effect? Constant grinding noise, vibration and low braking efficiency. The braking system uses a caliper with two brake pads attached to it. V-brakes are a type of rim brake, also referred to as direct-pull cantilever brakes. GENERAL MATERIAL PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS Disc brake systems generate braking force by clamping brake pads onto a rotor that is mounted to the hub. A pad that's quieter may also be less durable. At 3 mm thickness remaining, you've got a little time left. The riveted lining on the leading (rear) shoe is positioned off centre in the direction of wheel rotation. Most manufacturers list specifications for minimum pad thickness. We leverage our experience on the track and the technology used in aerospace and the military to make the best brake pads and rotors for all of your vehicle's needs. ) 2000: Sienna: F: 1. Brake discs seem to need changing more often, too. • Check the thickness of your brake pads. Volskwagen Economy Polo Vivo Front Brake Pad Set. That's a lot to ask from a brake […]. there will be a wear indicator which will likely take the form of a groove or in some cases the makers name cut into the disc. Internal parts should. 3 is a flow chart diagram showing a process for determining if a sensor has provided a signal indicating brake pad thickness, according to an embodiment of the present invention; and. And at some point, the particular component will require to be replaced. How to check brake rotors: Run your fingernail across the rotor surface. A full inspection though will show underlying problems, as well as what can be repaired and what needs replaced. This is the. of pad left. Measure: Brake pad thickness @ Out of specification + Replace. ( 7-10) The extent of brake pad wear can be checked by observing the limit line 1 on the side of brake pads. General rule, and others may feel differently, pads with less than 4mm and drum shoes with less than 3/32's should be replaced sooner rather than later. Take a quick look at the pads: The minimum friction thickness is. ) If the pad lining thickness is equal to or less than the minimum, replace the pad. our Hawk Brake Pad Application Chart for BMW. BRAKE APPLICATION GUIDE FAA-PMA Approved Brake Disc, Lining, Rivet Mounting Pin, Shim Insulators and Pressure Plate Replacements for Cleveland and McCauley Wheel and Brake Assemblies This Application Guide is to be used for reference only. 015 mm Si Front Pad New thickness : 9. Does anyone know the NEW thickness on OEM front brake pads and rear shoes?? Seems like difficult info to find. One brake pad is in constant contact with disc. All new brake discs are 45 mm thick. As the miles add up, the amount of metal remaining to act as the heat sink wears away and the rotor's effectiveness is reduced. The brake pad wear indicator lamp was on on the dash and I expected it to go out after replacing everything. Because disc brake pads and rotors are vehicle parts that will wear down, it is important to inspect and replace these items when necessary. A precision-cut finish of the outer diameter of the rotor prevents improper balance issues that may result in vehicle control loss. So no more guesing on which brake pads you should get with your brake rotor selection. Pelican Parts Forums Minimum Brake Rotor Thickness for CTT - Pelican Parts Forums. Search our database of thousands of vehicles. /linear inch, which is far superior to rubbers. 000 miles : I pulled a front wheel and measured the thickness of the outboard brake pad - 1/4 in. " The thickness requirements are at least 6. Our parts also carry a 24-month Toyota Warranty* so you can feel confident with every service and repair. 4 mm (1/4 inch) for two pads. The minimum thickness specification is an important dimension because it is the minimum thickness that provides safe braking. There is scoring greater than 1. However, just like brake pads, rotors eventually wear out. Check pad lining thickness. being too thin to the point they'd need replacing. On many cars, the brake pad can be seen through the wheel. Malfunctions with brake pads can have many effects on the performance of a vehicle. If you are experiencing brake pedal and/or wheel shutter before this you have a problem (e. ) Minimum thickness: 1. Different Types Of Brake Pads. However, I would have had to pay for the safety twice if i wanted to take the car home and order parts to replace myself. BRAKE SPECIFICATIONS hyundai santa fe (all measurements in inches unless noted) Year Model Brake Disc Brake Drum Diameter Minimum Lining Thickness Brake Caliper Original Thickness Minimum Thickness Maximum Runout Original Inside Diameter Max. I recommend buying the ACDelco 17D1421CH brake pads since they have excellent reviews on Amazon. With other models the brake calipers will have brake pad inspection holes. Reviews/Testimonials Please refer to the following. Brake Disc Minimum Thickness Query. On many cars, the brake pad can be seen through the wheel. There are many after market products to choose from with superior performance, both in terms of stopping power and longevity, and at a more reasonable costs. Scion xB 2011, 1-Click Z23 Evolution Sport Drilled and Slotted Front Brake Kit with Calipers by Power Stop®. Kia Soul 2014-2019 PS Service Manual / Maintenance / Chassis / Disc brakes and pads Inspection Check the pads for excessive wear, discs for run out and wear, and calipers for fluid leakage. They are found on many entry-level or older MTBs as well as lots of city or hybrid bikes and consist of individual brake arms mounted via two brake bosses, with each arm of the brake attached to a boss on each seatstay or fork leg. Acrobat Printable Version. 43 Breakaway and emergency braking. Brand new Genuine Honda Civic Brake pads are 11mm thick. Gauge how many miles it took you to reach this point, and divide it by three to get a rough idea how much more time until 'pad zero' is reached. Measure both thickness variation and score depths. during the tyre inflation pressure check. 39 in} Disc Pad Thickness Inspection. BRAKE SPECIFICATIONS hyundai santa fe (all measurements in inches unless noted) Year Model Brake Disc Brake Drum Diameter Minimum Lining Thickness Brake Caliper Original Thickness Minimum Thickness Maximum Runout Original Inside Diameter Max. Gauge how many miles it took you to reach this point, and divide it by three to get a rough idea how much more time until ‘pad zero' is reached. It depends if 4 WD or just FWD and what year model Generally: FRONT: Brake pad minimum thickness 3. Remove the. 04 mm Rotor Parralleism service limit - 0. When new, brake pads are nearly 1/2-inch thick, depending on the model of your Toyota. I hear you on brake fluid, but moisture isn't an issue in the Sonoran Desert. Does anyone know the NEW thickness on OEM front brake pads and rear shoes?? Seems like difficult info to find. This is caused by proper brake function. I measured the accuracy with a regular brake pad gauge, both gauges were spot on. However, between 2 and 3 millimeters is generally considered the minimum allowed thickness. I tried to do a search, and I forgot to ask the dealer this while I was there, at what thickness would you have the pads changed?? Thanks for all input. BRAKE PAD AND SHOE APPLICATION CHART [1721-1800] Part Number. DISC BRAKE ROTOR. The vehicles are based on the Toyota Corolla platform and share the same braking system. COM — When a driver applies the brake pedal to stop their vehicle, the brake pads are the friction material that gets pressed against. 5 mm)-thick after you subtract 5 millimetres (0. Look at the wheels. 2009 - 2014 Ford F150 - Thickness of Brake Pads - 2011 f-150: I am looking for the thickness of brand new rear brake pads. Asbestos was banned in brake friction materials from 1999 and replacement materials are harder. Wear Limit Maximum Machine Diameter Minimum Lining Thickness Bracket Bolts (ft. 015 mm Si Front Pad New thickness : 9. Rotor thickness is also very important when looking at the brake system. This pad offers progressive feel and feedback and is GG rated which makes it a great overall brake pad. The reason for this wear is because the rear brakes are used to control nose dive. DISC BRAKE ROTOR : Inspection. 2 mm will save the brake system from severe damage. If the rotors become too thin or develop grooves in them, then their ability to stop the car decreases. Visit our site to learn about our product range and how it can improve your driving experience. The Bendix guide to air disc brake friction replacement The two brake pads can now be lifted out from either side of the rotor. 1 Flow chart of material selection method. Flatness can be checked by placing a straight edge against both faces of the rotor. These brake pads are made from ceramic very similar to the type of ceramic used to make pottery and plates, but is denser and a lot more durable. Pad Wear Limit: 0. If the indicator lamp reports the brake pad wear, the warning contact (sensor plus wire and plug) must also be replaced. If they're below that I'll just buy new rotors. The type of pads you have in your vehicle can affect how long your brake pads will last: Organic car brake pads are generally the cheapest and won't last too long. Check measurements and fit before ordering. Ceramic Brake Pad vs Metallic Brake Pad comparison. Your 1999 Porsche 911 brake pads replacement will cost you on average $197 to $276 in Miami, Florida. At 3 mm thickness remaining, you've got a little time left. Either way, the brake pads themselves are worn to about 25% and will need replacement soon, depending on how brake-intensive your driving is. For Shimano® pads, replace when pad material (not including pad holder) is less then 0. • Inspect the brake lines for rust, punctures, or visible leaks (You may be able to do this, but consult a qualified technician if necessary). It is more expensive for more recent Porsche 911 brands. Slotted brake rotors have always been a great alternative for improving braking without the drilled holes. Pads have about equal amounts of friction material on both pads. Brakes are a key safety feature, so regular maintenance of your vehicle’s braking system is vital. Ok, so there is obviously more to it than that, but bolting on an induction kit can increase your cars power from 1-2bhp, up to 15bhp (rolling road proven!!). A pad that’s quieter may also be less durable. Trust ACDelco rotors, pads, drums, and other brake components to help you and your loved ones stay safe. Our brake reline cycle has been extended and HeatStar has definitely helped our maintenance ROI. Pads have about equal amounts of friction material on both pads. 4 mm ( 1/4 inch) at the shoe center for a shoe with two pads; or worn to the wear indicator if the lining is so marked, for air drum brakes. Another option for brake pads are ceramic brake pads. Often caused by: • Worn rubber caliper bushings • Worn caliper slide rails • Improper lubrication More Pad Less Pad Uneven Wear One side of the pad set has significantly less unused friction material than the other. Brake Pad Removal and Replacement. Brakes are a key safety feature, so regular maintenance of your vehicle’s braking system is vital. RDA Brakes commenced operations in Melbourne Victoria in 1987 and has grown from a small trade and retail parts supplier to today offering the largest range of Disc Brake Rotors and Brake Drums in Australia and New Zealand. If your brake pads have unattached shims, they will need to be held into place until you lock the pads in place. Try it out. Does anyone know the NEW thickness on OEM front brake pads and rear shoes?? Seems like difficult info to find. How To Measure Brake Rotors WALL THICKNESS and Where to Find The Specs brake lab 7 - checking rotor thickness, How to Replace Brake Pads and Rotors. Tight tolerance specifications reduce thickness variation and lateral run-out, ensure a balanced rotor, and reduce pedal pulsation, brake noise while extending pad life. Rearall pad material nao. The GM Brakes found on third gen Camaro’s are usually front disc and rear drums or both front and rear discs. 20 in)-thick, so you must subtract it from your number to get the accurate width of the brake pads. 5mm thickness. Holdings (Pty) Limited company and manufacture the safest brake pads in South Africa. V-brakes are a type of rim brake, also referred to as direct-pull cantilever brakes. Tear resistant Tear-strength ranges between 500-100 Ibs. Check front disc brake pad support plate. Simply replacing the brake pads could cause issues with brake performance because of poor brake pad to rotor contact. Our range encompasses some 2400 vehicle applications and covers everything from Alfa to Volvo and all makes in between. Its called a Brake Pad Spreader ( Pep Boys and Auto Zone #25265, Lisle # 24400, NAPA #BK7769093. Thanks in advance for your help. To fix this kind of wear, replace the brake pads and hardware such as abutment and anti-rattle clips, service the caliper guide pins and slides. Measure: Brake pad thickness @ Out of specification + Replace. However, just like brake pads, rotors eventually wear out. Improper brake operation could result in death or serious injury. I am a lube tech, and part of my job is to check brake pad thickness. If the wear is greater than expected, check for TSBs. How To Measure Brake Rotors WALL THICKNESS and Where to Find The Specs brake lab 7 - checking rotor thickness, How to Replace Brake Pads and Rotors. Other way round, they probably just wont bite! Milling down a cast disc to the thickness of a stainless one so you can fit it in a stock caliper is a VERY bad idea. 2009 - 2014 Ford F150 - Thickness of Brake Pads - 2011 f-150: I am looking for the thickness of brand new rear brake pads. Step 4: Know the signs of tapered pad wear. Because of this characteristic, it is an ideal material for load wheels, heavy duty couplings, metal-forming pads, shock pads, expansion joints and machine mounts. Pad Wear Chart Helps Diagnose Caliper Problems All vehicles equipped with disc brakes. 2002-2006 Toyota Camry 2009-2013 Lexus IS250 Front Brake Pads. To fix this kind of wear, replace the brake pads and hardware such as abutment and anti-rattle clips, service the caliper guide pins and slides. 0002 in • Rotor Thickness New: 12 mm: 0. 2009 - 2014 Ford F150 - Thickness of Brake Pads - 2011 f-150: I am looking for the thickness of brand new rear brake pads. As with the excessive wear to the outer brake pad, replacing the caliper and brake pad represents the easiest way to fix this kind of wear. Brake Disc Minimum Thickness Query. Ford Focus Front Brake Discs Replacement cost. Color coded brake gauge identifies thickness levels for brake lining inspection. It is impossible to estimate the life left in a brake pad. When the brake pads are worn to the point that the wear indicators make contact with the rotor, a light will be illuminated on the dash to indicate that the pads need to be replaced. COM — When a driver applies the brake pedal to stop their vehicle, the brake pads are the friction material that gets pressed against. Brake pad thickness (2007 Toyota Camry) I was just told by dealership that my rear pads are 3mm thick and in the red but service paper shows rear pads in red at 1mm. " Most brake rotors have the minimum thickness spec. 51 Warning signals, air pressure and vacuum gauges. ) 2000: Sienna: F: 1. Wagner® is the innovator in braking technologies for passenger car, medium-duty and commercial applications. there will be a wear indicator which will likely take the form of a groove or in some cases the makers name cut into the disc. Excellence in brake pads and disc brakes. Typical symptoms of glazed brake pads include: Poor stopping performance, vibration or brake judder, and cracks or fissures in the brake pad material. While you are having your brake pads replaced have your rotors checked and if they don't meet the minimum thickness specification have them resurfaced or replaced. It has been awhile but as I remember new pads have about 1/2 in. It is impossible to estimate the life left in a brake pad. The vehicles are based on the Toyota Corolla platform and share the same braking system. Remove the lug nuts and the front wheels. com The brake pad backing plate is about 5 millimetres (0. Choosing ignore rmt jun 2004 brake rotor thickness clymers and haynes both show. What is the minimum thickness for the front and rear OEM brake rotors? Brake rotor minimum thickness Front and rear pads are all at 4 mm. Check using a scale if necessary. it has reach to 3. Right now I have 9mm thickness in the front and 10mm thickness in the rear. If the indicator lamp reports the brake pad wear, the warning contact (sensor plus wire and plug) must also be replaced. BRAKE PADS • Remove the front wheels. Being soft doesnt make much sense. The assumption is that if the pads are replaced and the rotors are over "machine to" they should not experience enough wear to allow them to go below discard thickness through the life of that set of pads. With other models the brake calipers will have brake pad inspection holes. Wear Limit Maximum Machine Diameter Minimum Lining Thickness Bracket Bolts (ft. 000 miles : I pulled a front wheel and measured the thickness of the outboard brake pad - 1/4 in. Determining the correct brake lining thickness in your car is an essential part of road safety. Some brake pads have a slot in the center that serves as a wear indicator. Thickness brake disc, worn 41 mm 1. Verify the remaining thickness of the pads. 2002-2006 Toyota Camry 2009-2013 Lexus IS250 Front Brake Pads. The noise may be present with or without the brake pedal applied, but when noise is heard from the wear indicator, the brake pads should be replaced as soon as possible. Air filters are the first step to tuning any engine. Place the vehicles on jack stands. A precision-cut finish of the outer diameter of the rotor prevents improper balance issues that may result in vehicle control loss. Replace the pads when they are at 2. I have wire brushed the hub and cannot find any marking there or on the edge of the discs. Brake pads should be replaced when approximately 1/8" to 3/16"" of friction material remains on the steel backing plate. My service advisor told me the minimum pad thickness is 1mm. here is the chart from the Ford Service Manual on the spec for the brake system, hope this helps. And at some point, the particular component will require to be replaced. Andrew Markel visits minimum wear specification on brake rotors and how the specification is related to brake pad wear and how far the caliper has to push the pads. We specialize in drum brake linings suitable for mechanical leverage ratios. If necessary, replace the pates. Thickness brake disc, worn 41 mm 1. If your set of new front brake pads included replacement brake hardware, pull the old pad abutment clips out of the top and bottom of the bracket. Brake Disc Minimum Thickness Query. Reply to this topic; They offered me a reduced price on new discs (not pads) but. With ACDelco Brakes, they can get the peace of mind that comes with parts that are expertly engineered, manufactured to stringent tolerances, thoroughly tested and backed by the ACDelco name. 2 mm will save the brake system from severe damage. Hi all, Anyone know what the minimum brake disc thickness is for front (double/vented) discs on this car? I've had the front O/S caliper off today as part of a total brake refurb and it mics up at 0. See Hawk Brake Pad Application Chart for Street Compounds or Race Compounds. So far as mileage on the pads, I had over 100,000 miles on my 2000 Tundra before I changed front pads, and the same on my wife's Camry, and 150,000 miles on the rear pads on the Camry. Standard thickness: 12. brake disc/pads/chamber and. While you are having your brake pads replaced have your rotors checked and if they don't meet the minimum thickness specification have them resurfaced or replaced. anybody know the brake pad/shoethickness specs for the prius. 30mm (just the thickness of the pads, not including the backing metal). 0t Quattro - I’m trying to find the chart or numbers from ElsaWeb or Alldata that shows the minimum brake pad and rotor thickness for the front and rears for a 2016 A6 2. See Hawk Brake Pad Application Chart for Street Compounds or Race Compounds. The following should be conducted by a qualified technician: • Inspection of the brake hoses for brittleness or cracking. If your new set of front pads includes replacement brake hardware, pull the old metal pad abutment or "anti-rattle" clips out of the top and bottom of the bracket. Manco Brake Pads. General rule, and others may feel differently, pads with less than 4mm and drum shoes with less than 3/32's should be replaced sooner rather than later. The brake pads on a commuter's car, which sees mostly highway driving, might last 50,000 miles, while brake pads on a sports car could last fewer than 20,000 miles. ” Great All-around Organic Pad: BikeMaster Organic Brake Pads. The assumption is that if the pads are replaced and the rotors are over "machine to" they should not experience enough wear to allow them to go below discard thickness through the life of that set of pads. Also, a new brake drum may not fit over the Q Plus brake shoes if the shoes are used with a standard brake camshaft. I am told that the front wheel brake rotors and pads needs to be replaced, because they are 98% worn out. Outer Pad Wear. If one brake pad needs replacing you will need to replace the whole set. Innovative Braking Technologies. Andrew Markel visits minimum wear specification on brake rotors and how the specification is related to brake pad wear and how far the caliper has to push the pads. 51 Warning signals, air pressure and vacuum gauges. A brake pad that works well driving around the city isn't suitable for the racetrack, just like a dedicated race pad won't function adequately on the street. 159 Part No. Find out which brake shoes you need? Dimensions of front and rear for Kia Optima. Brake pad replacement is the most common repair job for automotive brake systems. Robotically applied zinc flake coating helps withstand corrosion from harsh environmental elements. Simply replacing the brake pads could cause issues with brake performance because of poor brake pad to rotor contact. If you notice a decrease in the amount of dust produced, that is a clear sign of worn-out brake pads. That kind of pressure and heat is bound to wear them down over time. So I'm starting to get some pulse in the brakes and want to find out the thickness specs for the brake rotors. On my 'new' 2001 E320, there's a little pulsation when I hit the brakes, indicating the rotors probby need to be resurfaced. Before replacing a caliper use the wear guide charts below to help diagnose pad wear. Pressing the brake pedal pinches the ends of the caliper together. Try it out for yourself. Look for worn. The vehicles are based on the Toyota Corolla platform and share the same braking system. This is normal in some cases. 1 Flow chart of material selection method. Just changing brake pads without paying attention to rotor thickness can lead to less effective overall braking. Pad Wear Limit: 0. By mpg_junkie, August 10, 2015 in Yaris Club. At 3 mm thickness remaining, you've got a little time left. Where I work, disc brake pads are measured in mm's and brake shoes in 32nds. Here's how to freshen up the brakes on your Chevy Silverado to keep it stopping at its peak performance. I politely declined and said I'd be doing them myself. Your brake pads should be at least 1 ⁄ 3 inch (8. So I'm starting to get some pulse in the brakes and want to find out the thickness specs for the brake rotors. 06 in) not including the backing plate. Also pad material for cast brakes is a lot different to stainless. 2009 - 2014 Ford F150 - Thickness of Brake Pads - 2011 f-150: I am looking for the thickness of brand new rear brake pads. 6 mm (1/16 inch). Low metallic brake pads can be noisy but have a slightly longer life expectancy than organic. A brake pad's standard thickness is between 10 and 12 millimeters. I recommend buying the ACDelco 17D1421CH brake pads since they have excellent reviews on Amazon. Manufacturers offer specifications for minimum pad thickness. Check the 4 plates as follows. On my 'new' 2001 E320, there's a little pulsation when I hit the brakes, indicating the rotors probby need to be resurfaced. Place the vehicles on jack stands. Brake Rotor Minimum Thickness. All brake pads on one axle must be replaced when "brake pad" indicator comes on, however at latest when pad thickness is worn to 2 mm. Sounds, smells and sensations signal brake problems:. Hyundai Elantra: Inspection. Outer Pad Wear. 36mm (right). Just want to make sure Im not going past the minimum thickness. This action slows the rotation of a shaft, such as a vehicle axle, either to reduce its rotational speed or to hold it stationary. Wear Limit Maximum Machine Diameter Pad Shoe Bracket Bolts (ft. Brake Pad Thickness Chart Kia: A buying guide to meticulously stitched currency carriers – these are the best wallets for men. Brake Pad Minimum Thickness I recently had a tire fixed and the shop said my front and rear brakes were 90-95% worn and needed replacement (pads AND rotors, for a grand total of $900) ASAP. state of the art manufacturing makes super stop a trusted brand you can depend on across the wide variety of applications super stop products keep trucks on the road for the long haul. Whether you need Performance Brake Pads or OEM Replacement Brake Pads there is an EBC Brake Pad for whatever type of driving you do. All brake rotors have a minimum thickness dimension cast into them. I plan to upgrade the brakes all around in 15-20k miles but have some uneven wear on the front rotors. Swept area, brake disc 1808 cm2 280. Rotor thickness is also very important when looking at the brake system. To fix this kind of wear, replace the brake pads and hardware such as abutment and anti-rattle clips, service the caliper guide pins and slides. But I am getting a lot of squeaking, so it might be time to change the pads. You can’t see it in the photo, but this rotor was really thin in the middle and tapered in thickness toward the top. The minimum thickness allowed for a disc brake pad is approximately one millimeter. is only worth the money you paid for it if a trooper from carrier inforcement does the inspection imho. After I started the car the wear indicator lamp is still on. Minimum read disc plate thickness. Pad Wear Chart Helps Diagnose Caliper Problems All vehicles equipped with disc brakes. All pads have a finite wear life and brake maintenance should also include measuring the pad thickness and checking for sufficient wear material. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: