Tooth Decay Hole

The harmful acid weakens and erodes our tooth enamel. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is the most chronic childhood disease in the America and according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the second most common health disorder in the United States. Dentists report they are now seeing cases with severe tooth breakdown in toddlers as young as two and a half years of age. Little is known on the prevalence of tooth decay among pregnant women. ) Early destruction removes calcium from the tooth while later destruction results in a hole in the tooth we refer to as a cavity. But how do we avoid cavities? Well, the best way to prevent cavities is simply to maintain good oral hygiene through brushing and flossing. Chalky white spots along the gum line of the upper front teeth are the beginning of tooth decay. Hello doctor, I have a small hole in the middle of my tooth and the top of my tooth. Treating a cavity on an exposed part of the tooth root involves removing decay with a dental drill and placing a filling. Dental Caries Are Holes In Your Teeth. Tooth decay is typically symptomless until there’s already a cavity or a tooth abscess (an infection at the root of a tooth or in the gums), both of which can lead to pain and tooth loss if left untreated. Tooth decay begins at the surface of the tooth, which is formed by tissues which have a high mineral content - enamel and dentin. A hole in a tooth is also referred to as a cavity, caries or tooth decay. Preventing Tooth Decay. If your child has a small hole (cavity), your dentist can repair it by removing the decay and filling the hole. This content does not have an English version. Caught very early, tooth decay may even be reversed through the use of fluoride or other. , tooth decay) starts when plaque breaks down food leading an acidic environment. Tooth decay means that the complete structure of your tooth has collapsed and it has worn out completely. Tooth decay is the destruction of tooth structure. Floss your teeth once a day to remove plaque and food that's stuck between your teeth. What is plaque? Plaque is a soft, sticky film that builds up on your teeth and contains millions of bacteria. Case #1: Using bonding to repair damage caused by tooth decay. The inside of the tooth and the root (nerve) canals are cleaned and filled with a permanent filling. You might have a cavity if you experience pain, food gets caught in your tooth, your tooth feels rough to your tongue or it hurts to eat something cold or sweet. I highly recommend reading this book if you want to improve your child’s (or your own) dental health. Depending on the severity of the condition, this hole can be relatively shallow or very deep. Decay results from the action of bacteria that live in plaque, which is a sticky, whitish film formedby a protein in saliva (mucin) and sugary substances in the mouth. About the Author Dr. I realize you’re asking whether every hole in your tooth is decay, but people tend to call decay a cavity when the word cavity means hole. Tooth decay happens over years as your teeth are exposed to years of wear and tear. I Have a Loose Tooth Chant added 8-7-97 Original Author Unknown. Swish with Saltwater. Dental decay (known less formally as dental cavities) occurs when bacteria inside the mouth ingest certain foods and then attack the teeth. In other words, a cavity is tooth decay that has been left untreated over a period of time. Once the decay has progressed beyond the very earliest stages, your dentist removes the decay and fills the hole, which stops decay in its tracks. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria in the mouth. To: miralax Sent: Tue, December 28, 2010 9:09:35 AMSubject: Miralax and Tooth Decay Im new to the group. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss. If you develop tooth decay that has progressed beyond the process of eroding your tooth enamel and has created holes in your teeth, your dentist will likely recommend a filling. Tooth Decay The bacteria sticking to your teeth in plaque break down sugars and other carbohydrates that we eat, and produce acids. They produce more acid, which dissolves tooth enamel. Tooth decay can affect both the enamel (the outer coating of the tooth) and the dentin layer of the tooth (see diagram) and in some cases extend into the pulp (nerve). A broken wisdom tooth left untreated can lead to many problems. It is often referred to as: Cavities; Tooth Rot / Rotten Tooth / Bad Tooth etc. Pus: More serious symptom is pus near the tooth; how to reduce tooth decay pain. The hard outer layer is called enamel. Little is known on the prevalence of tooth decay among pregnant women. Tooth Decay: Prevent Dental Cavities. However, tartar itself can cause holes in the teeth, which can eventually lead to a disease, thus, it is also necessary to clean off tartar from time to time. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss. Dental problems are always painful to deal with. This can lead to a small hole in a tooth, called a cavity. Teeth with cavities between them, even with decay removal and fillings, have a better chance of cavity recurrence than teeth with cavities on exposed surfaces. Tooth decay is the most common chronic disease affecting children. A hole (cavity) forms when the acids cause more damage than the tooth can repair. The choice of instrument depends on the individual dentist's comfort level, training, and investment in the particular piece of equipment as well as location and extent of the decay. I do have a few questions for you if it’s okay. This means decay progresses more quickly. Swish with Saltwater. Ruth Kanarek. Tooth decay is the breakdown of tooth enamel. (C) A hole is discovered on the side of the tooth at the beginning of decay removal. They are most common in places that are hard to reach with a toothbrush. Tooth decay happens over years as your teeth are exposed to years of wear and tear. Over time, this acid can even make a cavity (hole) in the tooth. Only a dentist has the right equipment and expertise to determine if you have a hole. As the decay process progresses these micro-pores. Tooth decay is seen as a serious damage to the tooth. Tooth decay, which is also called dental cavities or dental caries, is the destruction of the outer surface (enamel) of a tooth. Here's how: Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after every meal or at least twice a day. As the cavity grows in size, the tooth will become very weak and begin to chip and break away as pictured above. Tooth decay develops from a variety of sources, but the most prominent cause of tooth decay is eating sugary, sticky foods and beverages. I realize you’re asking whether every hole in your tooth is decay, but people tend to call decay a cavity when the word cavity means hole. Today, tooth decay in children is more common than any chronic illness, such as asthma and diabetes. Cavities are the second-most common health disorder in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health (the first is the common cold) and a very common disorder worldwide. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. For centuries, tooth decay was thought to be the handiwork of an elusive and, in some cultures, evil tooth worm that gnawed holes into the white, highly mineralized enamel and left all those in its wake in pain. In other words, SDF stops the decay from progressing and helps strengthen the tooth. It’s caused by plaque, the film of bacteria that is constantly forming on your teeth. Problems with your wisdom teeth can cause cavities, damage to neighboring teeth, and gum disease. This is a sign of early decay. Home remedies for tooth decay and cavities. Before discussing home remedies for cavities, let us first take a look at the causes of tooth cavities. The cause of tooth decay is plaque, a sticky substance in your mouth made up mostly of germs. , a cavity, caused by decay. Acid washes over your teeth when you eat or drink anything that contains sugar. Tooth decay in adults is a common occurrence because of lack of oral hygiene and negligence and is caused over time by plaque forming on the teeth. Acids are corrosive and they demineralize (dissolve) the teeth, causing pits (cavities) of what dentists call dental carries (decay). Dental bonding is a very versatile restorative that can be used in a variety of ways. The new treatment, called Electrically Accelerated and Enhanced. The risks of tooth decay are from the foods, poor oral hygiene, not enough fluoride, dry mouth, frequent snacking, and worn fillings. Once the decay has progressed beyond the very earliest stages, your dentist removes the decay and fills the hole, which stops decay in its tracks. If you seek early intervention, that part is cut off and restored hence a "filling". Tooth Decay. If left untreated, the loss of mineral will eventually lead to a hole in the structure or a cavity. When you eat, the bacteria in plaque use the sugars in your food to produce acids that eat away at the tooth enamel. If the cavity is not removed, it can penetrate further into the tooth. The fairies took my loose tooth, my wiggly, jiggly loose tooth. If you experience pain when eating something cold or sweet, and the pain goes away fairly quickly, you may have a cavity. Over time these pores can progress into larger “holes,” commonly referred to as a “cavity. Consuming soft drinks that contain phosphoric and citric acids can create an acidic environment in the mouth that promotes enamel demineralization and tooth decay. Dental caries commonly known as tooth decay. How do you get tooth decay? When you don't brush your teeth. Once the tooth is cleaned, a filling is shaped and placed into the tooth to protect the pulp and repair the hole. Though your dentist works very hard to remove all the tooth decay, sometimes it is a recurring issue. The work of Weston Price, Edward and May Mellanby, Ralph Steinman, and so many other researchers has thankfully come back into public awareness. I Have a Hole in my Tooth, What Does that Mean? If you notice a hole in your tooth, you should call your dentist immediately. So what is the difference between tooth decay and cavity? Tooth decay is the primary stage of the cavity, the one in which an intervention is possible by simply clearing away some of the plaque and by strengthening the tooth's fluoride coating. Decay that extends to the tooth pulp may require root canal treatment. But for most cavities, the treatment is the same: drilling into a tooth, removing the decay and filling in the hole to prevent further damage. Tooth decay. Tooth Decay: Prevent Dental Cavities. Pain when biting down. The cause of tooth decay is plaque, a sticky substance in your mouth made up mostly of germs. Almost everyone will, at some point, experience a cavity or tooth decay. These acids lead to a decrease in oral pH (acidic environment) and remove minerals from the tooth enamel, causing the formation of holes in the enamel. Signs and symptoms of tooth decay spots on your teeth. In a layman language terms for tooth decay is has a result of an acid attack or bacteria that eat up the hard portion of our tooth tissue or structure, this is caused by an accumulation of food debris that the bacteria in our mouth act upon and cause a hole. Gershberg is the owner of The Art of Dentistry which is located in Bryn Mawr, PA. The bacterial theory of cavities is justified through the assertion that tooth decay is an infectious disease. • Tooth decay can be avoided by brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and flossing between teeth. Saliva helps to repair this damage, but if over time there is more damage than repair, it leaves a cavity or ‘hole’ in the tooth. Well-formed teeth are highly resistant to decay, while poorly-formed teeth are cavity-prone. In early, stages of decay, the hole is initially small. Bad Breath Cause #1: Tooth Decay Smell and Cavities. A periapical abscess is usually caused by deep decay or an accident (trauma to the tooth involving nerve damage). One in four adults has an untreated cavity, and according to the CDC, nearly every adult will have tooth decay at some point. Tooth decay leads to accumulation of dental plaque in the cavity. The resulting hole in the tooth is called a cavity. The inside of the tooth and the root (nerve) canals are cleaned and filled with a permanent filling. There are visible signs of a cavity. Dental Treatment for Tooth Decay Overview. Research shows that nearly four million preschoolers in the US have cavities, and this is an increase of over 600,000 million in the last 10 years [1]. If the nerve in the middle of your tooth is damaged, you may need root canal treatment , which involves removing the nerve and restoring the tooth with a filling or crown. Once tooth decay is confirmed, the best course of action is to have the dentist fill the cavity as soon as possible. This leads to a weakening of the tooth and can ultimately lead to an actual hole (a. ) Utilize A Fluoride Mouthwash For Cavities and Tooth Decay. Poor oral hygiene. Cavities are a result of tooth decay. A tooth has a hard outer layer (enamel), a middle layer (dentin) and a center (pulp). The symptoms can vary for each cavity depending on the location along a tooth and the severity of tooth decay. These plaque bacteria use the sugar in food and drinks to produce acids. Eventually the damaged tooth may have to be drilled and filled to prevent toothache, or even removed. 2) The gum line (the place on a tooth where the gums tissue attaches) is the same on all teeth. However, anyone can get cavities. Gershberg is the owner of The Art of Dentistry which is located in Bryn Mawr, PA. Certain breeds seem to have a tendency towards the condition, including Abyssinians, Asian shorthairs, Persians, and Siamese. Acid + = Healthy Tooth Acid. Chronic Health Problem: Any type of chronic health problem may contribute to tooth decay and cavities. As a result, tooth structure (i. You only need to look at skyrocketing rates of obesity and type-2 diabetes for the systemic results of what may all begin with a hole in our tooth. When it comes to a broken tooth, time is of the essence. Cavities are holes that develop on teeth as a result of decay. The apple model's "hole in the apple" analogy is not entirely accurate because tooth decay begins under the surface of the enamel and not as a break. Tooth decay and cavities are among the world's most common oral. Practicing. Decay results from the action of bacteria that live in plaque, which is a sticky, whitish film formed by a protein in saliva (mucin) and sugary substances in the mouth. Dental Cavities – a carious lesion or hole in a tooth. If this loss of mineral from the enamel is left untreated, a cavity, or hole in the tooth, can eventually occur. The bacteria form a plaque which is sticky in nature. So oral hygiene and personal tooth care is a fundamental step we should follow to maintain oral health. Proper brushing and flossing are usually all the treatment that is needed. Tooth decay happens gradually, and sometimes, cavities can exist and progress without showing many symptoms. In fact, is the most common cause of tooth loss! dental tooth decay. Ingredients: ¼ teaspoon of Coconut Oil; ¼ teaspoon of Turmeric. Tooth decay is not "just a hole" in tooth that you should ignore until it hurts. It is a condition that occurs after holes are formed in a tooth due to the cavity. Pus around the tooth, particularly. Gently brush your gums as well to keep them healthy. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a disease wherein bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure (enamel, dentin and cementum). My tooth will pulse for several minutes, but the pain declines. Make sure to limit your intake of these foods & discontinue smoking or tobacco use, if applicable. There are no symptoms of tooth decay in the early stages, which is why it is important to get regular dental check-ups to catch it early. Price lived in the early 1900s and was the chairman of the National Dental Association (1914–1923) and a pioneer for the American Dental Association (ADA). It was discovered that a hole in the side of the tooth, was large enough to allow the tip of the explorer to pass, and was contiguous with this hollow. (A) A small spot of decay visible on the surface of a tooth. You should go back and have this done, but in the meantime do not blow your nose or you will blow out the blood clot and delay healing. Cavities can cause the enamel, protective part of the tooth, to weaken a break. Your dentist calls it tooth decay or dental caries. Bacteria live in your mouth and mingle with plaque and acids to break down the enamel coating on your teeth. Before the cavity forms, the process is reversible, but once a cavity forms, the tooth damage is permanent. A cavity is a hole in your tooth caused by plaque, just like the hole in the apple caused by the pencil. Oil Pulling Technique: 4. They repair cracks and fractures in your teeth, plus fill in small holes caused by tooth decay in order for you to regain full tooth functionality. Cavities are a result of tooth decay. ” And an estimated hundred billion dollars of all that is due to sugar. That’s because tooth decay doesn’t always cause pain. Occasionally, root decay can progress below the gum line. Left untreated, tooth decay can also lead to gum disease, and even more severe health issues, such as heart disease. Cavities are areas on the hard surface of your teeth that have been permanently damaged. Dental bonding is a very versatile restorative that can be used in a variety of ways. Regular dental appointments can detect tooth decay early. These bacteria can dissolve the enamel of the tooth, boring a hole known as a cavity (A). Tooth decay is a progressive dental disease that occurs when the enamel, the outer surface of the teeth, starts to dissolve (decay). Turmeric: 6. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss. It never addresses the cause, and because of this, people generally loose many of their teeth. This is why a decay is able to progress in a faster way and pierces the dentin layer like a drill, but the pace of decay progression varies between people. Decay now progresses beyond the enamel and starts to infect the dentin. I realize you're asking whether every hole in your tooth is decay, but people tend to call decay a cavity when the word cavity means hole. Tooth sensitivity. Process of early childhood tooth decay. Tooth decay is the destruction of the tooth structure. Mouthwash or Toothpaste with Fluoride : 8. DIY Garlic Mouthwash. If it is a cavity, the sooner you get it taken care of , the less severe the damage will be. Acid washes over your teeth when you eat or drink anything that contains sugar. To add a filling, the dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth with a drill. Although these pits, cracks, and holes might appear small at first, rest assured they WILL eventually get worse and if left untreated, will ultimately destroy your tooth. Having a hole in your tooth can be an uncomfortable and often painful situation. Tooth decay is caused when the bacteria that are present in your mouth churn out more acid than is necessary, gradually eroding the teeth. Root canals: When tooth decay. With Dental Health Week fast approaching, Australians are being warned that tooth decay is the country's most prevalent health problem. It's due to eating a lot of sugars and starches and not cleaning your teeth well. A cavity may be formed in the enamel (outer coating) or in the dentin (inner coating) of the tooth structure. Child has had tooth decay in the past. Food deposits and bacteria form a layer called plaque. It can lead to holes in the teeth called cavities. I Have a Hole in my Tooth, What Does that Mean? If you notice a hole in your tooth, you should call your dentist immediately. Acids are corrosive and they demineralize (dissolve) the teeth, causing pits (cavities) of what dentists call dental carries (decay). However, Dental cavity can be prevented and cured through the following ways. Tooth decay in young children can be halted, even reversed: dentists Open this photo in gallery: Five-year-old An'ostin Todd brushes his teeth before lunch at his home in New Westminster, B. Dental abscess or tooth infection: treatment, home remedy, symptoms and causes January 18, 2018 February 19, 2019 Dottox Staff A dental abscess is an infection with pus localized around the tip of the tooth root (apex) due to bacteria that killed the dental pulp and try to spread outside the tooth canal. “The frequency of caries among hunter-gatherers is roughly 1-5% and around 6-8% among populations with. To start, your mouth is a den of bacteria. White or brown spots on your teeth are the first sign of tooth decay. Dental history and concerns:. Cavities initially are small in size and gradually become bigger if they are left untreated. Medically Reviewed by: Joel Berg, DDS, MS. Rotten teeth happen when decay continues unmonitored and terminates a part of the tooth. Tooth decay causes deep holes on the surface of the tooth or around the crown, which may make the sick person uncomfortable. Tooth decay is damage to a tooth caused by dental plaque turning sugars into acid. The acids on the food and the bacteria that eat the food debris break down the strong outer surface of the tooth, creating a lesion much more pronounced than just a crack or a discoloration. Here's how: Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after every meal or at least twice a day. Over time, the enamel is weakened and destroyed, forming a cavity. The plaque bacteria. Using dental preparations which contain sodium fluoride, such as toothpastes and mouthwashes, can help to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. The acid produced by the bacteria eats into the. ) Early destruction removes calcium from the tooth while later destruction results in a hole in the tooth we refer to as a cavity. The best methods of prevention include: Brush at least twice a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride. Tooth decay destroys the hard enamel and cementum of your teeth, exposing the nerves and leading to sensitive teeth and toothaches. Alamgir Hossain Shemul Leave a comment A new study carried out by scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia, has shown that tooth decay (cavities) can be stopped in their tracks, reversed and prevented altogether, without the need for. a cavity) in the tooth. Sucrose is rampant in the average diet of Americans and is found nearly everywhere, even in health-food stores. A cavity is a hole that forms in the tooth when acid produced by bacteria erodes the minerals faster than the tooth can repair itself. Thirty-seven (37%) percent of Arizona children ages 2-4 have tooth decay in their baby teeth Tooth decay can cause health problems and can affect learning, speech, and eating. (B) The radiograph reveals an extensive region of demineralization within the dentin (arrows). For that reason, we'll look into what it is to help better distinguish the difference. All of these materials are completely safe for your child. It is often referred to as: Cavities; Tooth Rot / Rotten Tooth / Bad Tooth etc. At a microscopic level teeth do undergo a remineralisation process that can stop and even reverse early decay, but with repeated attacks on the tooth surface the body is unable to fight and heal the tooth. Tooth decay that reaches the pulp and/or root of the tooth is treated with a root canal : The tooth is numbed and a hole is drilled through the top of the tooth. Dental Cavities – a carious lesion or hole in a tooth. However, if you change your eating habits, you may never face such problems. The dentist said it was from a defect in his tooth. Your saliva contains buffers that resist a change in pH. The bacteria use any sugar that is eaten to make the acid, saliva will neutralise the acid eventually but it's a slow process so if you frequently have snacks or drinks containing sugar the mouth is acidic and decay happens. There is a great book called Cure Tooth Decay: Heal and Prevent Cavities that explains in great detail the connection between what we eat and tooth/bone health and practical steps to heal and reverse decay. The acid breaks down the tooth structure in stages. There are various stages of decay. Holes are most common in children, but adults also have to watch out for this. The cavity is caused by the bacteria on the surface of the teeth that creates acid out of sugar. A cavity is actually the late stage of a dental infection that causes the tooth enamel to lose minerals. Untreated tooth decay also destroys the inside of the tooth (pulp). I agree with ewie: a cavity is a hole caused by tooth decay, in BrE as well as in AmE. Cavities are caused by tooth decay — a process that occurs over time. Cavities are holes in the teeth that penetrate the tooth enamel and underlying dentin and which can lead to tooth pain. Optimal oral health is an integral part of general health and wellbeing, and a person’s oral health can have a range of physical, emotional and social impacts. White or brown spots on your teeth are the first sign of tooth decay. The acid causes a small hole in the tooth, called a cavity. Development. The catch is that this only works if there's a significant enough amount of tooth decay to cause a cavity, but it hasn't created an actual hole in your tooth. Floss daily to remove food debris from in between the teeth. Tooth decay: main concepts and causes. Ruth Kanarek. There can be few more shaming sentences to write as a parent. Holes Caused By Tooth Decay. It is caused by tooth decay, which occurs when the tooth's mineral content dissolves. Decayed tooth material will yield under the probe and will confirm the diagnosis of a dental cavity. This acid eats away at your tooth enamel, eventually leading to a cavity or hole in the tooth. Since this portion of the tooth does not have as much protective enamel, tooth decay can spread relatively quickly. Though your dentist works very hard to remove all the tooth decay, sometimes it is a recurring issue. Cavities and Their Natural Treatments. Tooth decay is damage that occurs when germs (bacteria) in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. A filling, when the dentist will fill the hole and restore the tooth to its original shape. These acids lead to a decrease in oral pH (acidic environment) and remove minerals from the tooth enamel, causing the formation of holes in the enamel. You should go back and have this done, but in the meantime do not blow your nose or you will blow out the blood clot and delay healing. Visits to the dentist are essential to treat and prevent gingivitis. The damage of your tooth is caused by the acid created when the ptyalin bacteria is broken down in your mouth. Teeth are made up of four. Dental problems are always painful to deal with. The tooth decay process begins the moment the enamel of the tooth is damaged thus affecting the inner layers as well. Poor oral hygiene can raise your child's risk for tooth decay. Tooth decay is caused by biofilm (dental plaque) lying on the teeth and maturing to become cariogenic (causing decay). Tooth decay is damage to a tooth caused by dental plaque turning sugars into acid. It is medically referred to as dental caries. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or tooth cavity is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth. This is true even for children who have fillings to treat earlier tooth decay. Cavity formation is not an age-dependent phenomenon rather it depends on the kind. so as PP has said don't beat your self up over it. A cavity is a hole that can grow bigger and deeper over time. Although these pits, cracks, and holes might appear small at first, rest assured they WILL eventually get worse and if left untreated, will ultimately destroy your tooth. Bacteria are present on the surface of our teeth. What Are Other Causes of Tooth Decay in Kids?. Tooth decay starts on the outer surface of the tooth. Brush and floss your teeth daily. The acid causes a small hole in the tooth, called a cavity. First, decay shows up as a white spot, then yellow, then brown, then pitting, finally a hole. If a cavity is not treated it can destroy a good part of the tooth, making it hard to be rapaired with a conventional filling. The acids bore a hole in the tooth, causing cavity. Treatment and prevention. Which then can cause tooth decay. Cavities are caused by tooth decay — a process that occurs over time. From decay to infection to wisdom teeth, there could be a number of reasons why you are experiencing discomfort. Cavities are the end result of tooth decay, which occurs when dental plaque (a layer of food particles, bacteria, and minerals) persists on the tooth's surface because of inadequate dental hygiene. Re: Recovery after tooth extraction & sinus hole You should have had the socket stitched and plugged after the extraction. Some treatments can be as simple as cleaning out the cavity and using material to fill the hole. Tooth decay and cavities are essentially the softening of the enamel there and the damage of the structure of the tooth that happens by acids that are made when the plaque bacteria break down the sugar that’s within the tooth. This hole is known as a cavity and can easily cause discomfort when eating, pain, and also a weak tooth root. When teeth are exposed to low pH for extended periods of time, an unstable equilibrium causes tooth decay. [1] These tissues progressively break down, producing dental caries (cavities, holes in the teeth). Eating a lot of citrus fruits, which are very acidic. Cavities are the permanently damaged areas on the surface of your teeth which develop into tiny holes. Floss daily to remove food debris from in between the teeth. At a microscopic level teeth do undergo a remineralisation process that can stop and even reverse early decay, but with repeated attacks on the tooth surface the body is unable to fight and heal the tooth. That is plenty of time for the decay to be detected and treated before it becomes a cavity and requires a filling. Tooth decay is the breakdown of tooth enamel. Diagnosis: Tooth decay will often be diagnosed by a dentist during a dental examination, but the most imporant. Tooth decay — or dental caries — is an infectious disease process that causes damage to the structure of teeth. What causes decay. Tooth Decay (Caries) DENTAL HYGIENE FACTS apparent. Cavities are the second-most common health disorder in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health (the first is the common cold) and a very common disorder worldwide. Tooth decay, also called ‘dental caries’ or simply ‘cavities’, is one of the most common human diseases and one of the main causes of tooth loss. This natural buildup of acid will slowly dissolve the protective enamel on your teeth and continue to eat into. Tooth decay is a dental problem in which the tissues on the outside of your teeth, which are usually hard, break down forming a hole or a cavity. Brushing your teeth is a good step to preventing decay, but only a licensed dentist can remove the built-up plaque and calculus on your teeth with a thorough cleaning. As the decay gets larger, it may cause signs and symptoms such as: Toothache, spontaneous pain or pain that occurs without any apparent cause. What causes tooth decay? Our mouths are full of bacteria. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: